Goldsmith, Oliver

(1728-1774)
   Born in Ireland, the son of an Anglo-Irish clergyman, he graduated from Trinity College, Dublin, in 1749. After studying medicine at Edinburgh, though he took no degree, and at Leiden, he wandered Europe and arrived in London in 1756 almost destitute. He supported himself with doctoring and as a hack writer, where he was noticed for his grace148 ful, lively, and readable style. His rise to fame started with Enquiry into the Present State of Polite Learning in Europe (1759). In 1764 he became one of the nine founder-members of the "Club" of famous people. He died after a short illness, burdened with debt, and is memorialized by a monument in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. "The Deserted Village" is probably his finest poem. Several shorter pieces, including "When Lovely Woman Stoops to Folly" and "Elegy on the Death of a Mad Dog," appear in his novel The Vicar of Wakefield (1762). Some of his other poems: "Britain," "Epitaph on Dr. Parnell," "Retaliation," "Song: From the Oratorio of the Captivity," "Stanzas on the Taking of Quebec," "The Clown's Reply," "The Double Transformation," "The Hermit."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Everyman's Book of English Verse. John Wain, ed. J.M. Dent, 1981. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. The Poetical Works of Oliver Goldsmith. Rev. J. Mitford, ed. William Pickering, 1851. Westminster Abbey Official Guide (no date).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Goldsmith, Oliver — Goldsmith, Oliver, 1728 zu Pallas in der irländischen Grafschaft Longford geboren, der Sohn eines armen Landgeistlichen, studirte durch Unterstützung seiner Verwandten zu Edinburgh und Leyden, führte aber ein so unregelmäßiges Leben, daß, als er… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Goldsmith, Oliver — born Nov. 10, 1730, Kilkenny West, County Westmeath, Ire. died April 4, 1774, London, Eng. Irish born British essayist, poet, novelist, and dramatist. Goldsmith attended Trinity College in Dublin before studying medicine in Edinburgh. Settling in …   Universalium

  • Goldsmith, Oliver — ► (1728 74) Escritor británico. Autor de El vicario de Wakefield. * * * (10 nov. 1730, Kilkenny West, condado de Westmeath, Irlanda–4 abr. 1774, Londres, Inglaterra). Ensayista, poeta, novelista y dramaturgo británico nacido en Irlanda. Goldsmith …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Goldsmith,Oliver — Gold·smith (gōldʹsmĭth ), Oliver. 1730? 1774. British writer whose literary reputation rests on his novel The Vicar of Wakefield (1766), the pastoral poem The Deserted Village (1770), and the dramatic comedy She Stoops to Conquer (1773). * * * …   Universalium

  • GOLDSMITH, OLIVER —    English man of letters, born at Pallas or Pallasmore, co. Longford, Ireland, and celebrated in English literature as the author of the Vicar of Wakefield ; a born genius, but of careless ways, and could not be trained to any profession, either …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Goldsmith, Oliver — (1728 1774)    Poet, dramatist, and essayist, s. of an Irish clergyman, was b. at Pallasmore in Co. Longford. His early education was received at various schools at Elphin, Athlone, and Edgeworthstown. At the age of 8 he had a severe attack of… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Goldsmith — Goldsmith, Oliver …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oliver Goldsmith — Oliver Goldsmith. Oliver Goldsmith (Kilkenny West, Irlanda, 10 de noviembre de 1730(?) – Londres, 4 de abril de 1774) fue un escritor y médico irlandés, conocido sobre todo por su novela El vicario de Wakefield (The Vicar of Wakefield) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Goldsmith — (spr. gōldsmith), Oliver, engl. Dichter und Romanschriftsteller, geb. 10. Nov. 1728 im Dorfe Pallas in der irischen Grafschaft Longford, gest. 4. April 1774 in London, war der Sohn eines Geistlichen, der zwei Jahre später nach dem freundlichen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Oliver — Oliver, Joan Oliver, Joe Oliver, Miguel de los Santos * * * (as used in expressions) Cromwell, Oliver Davis, Benjamin O(liver), Jr. Ellsworth, Oliver Evans, Oliver Goldsmith …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.